The oldest fortifications date back to Roman times and over the centuries the walls have been continually improved
Over time, the Old Castle, the New Castle and the Citadel were added to strengthen the defenses of the city.
Vauban with his policy of great public works, in the middle of the seventeenth century, transformed Bayonne as a fortress city.
The gaps between the old bastions are nowadays walking areas with large green spaces and botanical gardens
The gardens in Bayonne
The walkways and botanical garden on the ramparts
Caradoc Park created by the British officer, Lord Caradoc, offers a magnificent view of the Pyrénées
The public garden behind the town hall